Exploring Bali’s Mother Temple: Pura Agung Besakih

Pura Agung Besakih, known as the Mother Temple of Bali, is the largest and most significant temple, serving as the hub of religious activities for all Hindus in Bali. It is situated on the southwest slope of Mount Agung, the highest mountain in Bali, specifically in Besakih Village, Karangasem.

The name Besakih is derived from the Sanskrit word Wasuki, with the Old Javanese term basuki meaning “safe.” Besakih Temple comprises a central temple, Pura Penataran Agung Besakih, and 18 accompanying temples, including one Basukian Temple and 17 others.

The Besakih Temple complex was constructed according to the Tri Hita Karana concept of natural balance. Its layout is aligned with the cardinal directions, ensuring the structure symbolizes and reflects this harmonious relationship with nature.

Located at a high altitude, this temple enjoys cool air and breathtaking natural views. It is not only a sacred site for the Hindu community but also a popular religious tourist attraction.

Visitors can come to Besakih Temple to pray, explore the temple complex, and learn about the history of Hinduism in Bali. Additionally, tourists can shop for souvenirs and knick-knacks around the temple complex.

Besakih Temple (Mother Temple of Besakih, Pura Besakih) on the Slopes of Mount Agung, Bali, Indonesia

Operational Hours and Ticket Prices

Tourists can visit Besakih Temple from 8:00 AM to 6:00 PM. However, for Hindus coming to pray, Besakih Temple is open 24 hours.

The entrance fee for visiting the temple is IDR 30,000 for domestic tourists and IDR 60,000 for international tourists. Additionally, visitors are required to pay a parking fee of IDR 3,000 for motorcycles and IDR 5,000 for cars.


There are several routes to Besakih Temple. If you are in Denpasar, it is recommended to take the Bypass Ngurah Rai route, continue to Bypass Ida Bagus Mantra Road, and then turn north towards Semarapura. From Semarapura, the journey to Besakih Temple takes only 44 minutes. However, if you don’t mind a longer journey, consider heading towards Karangasem for a breathtaking view of tropical forests.

Besakih Temple is a great alternative if you are looking for a change from the typical tourist spots in Kuta, Canggu, Seminyak, and similar areas.

Read also: Bali Harmony Green Tour for a More Sustainable Tourism

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